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Adobe After Effects CC icon

Icon of Adobe After Effects CC.

Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software application published by Adobe Systems. It is used in film and video post-production.


After Effects uses a system of layers organized on a timeline to create composites from still images and motion footage, such as video files. Properties such as position and opacity can be controlled independently for each layer, and each layer can have effects applied. After Effects is often described as the "Photoshop of video", because its flexibility allows compositors to alter video in any way they see fit, as Photoshop does for images.

Although After Effects can create images of its own, it is generally used to composite material from other sources to make moving graphics (also known as motion graphics). For example, with a picture of a space ship and a picture of a star background, After Effects Templates could be used to place the ship in front of the background and animate it to move across the stars.

Each picture or movie is layered on a timeline, in a similar way to a Non-Linear Editing System (NLE). However, one difference between After Effects and NLEs is that After Effects is layer-oriented, and NLEs are generally track-oriented. This means that in After Effects, each individual media object (video clip, audio clip, still image, etc.) occupies its own track. However, NLEs use a system where individual media objects can occupy the same track as long as they do not overlap in time. This track-oriented system is more suited for editing and can keep project files much more concise. The layer-oriented system that After Effects adopts is suited for extensive effects work and keyframing. Although other compositing packages--especially ones that employ tree or node workflows, such as Apple Shake--are better suited to manage large volumes of objects within a composite, After Effects is able to somewhat counter the clutter by selectively hiding layers (using the Shy switch) or by grouping them into precompositions. (After Effects does feature a Flowchart panel, which is similar to tree or node graph, but this view of a composition is mostly for display purposes and is not fully functional.) The main interface consists of several panels (windows in versions prior to After Effects 7.0). Three of the most commonly used panels are the Project panel, the Composition panel, and the Timeline panel. The Project panel acts as a bin to import stills, video, and audio footage items. Footage items in the Project panel are used in the Timeline panel, where layer order and timing can be adjusted. The items visible at the current time marker are displayed in the Composition panel.

After Effects integrates with other Adobe software titles such as Illustrator, Photoshop, Premiere Pro, Encore DVD, and Flash.


After Effects was originally created by the Company of Science and Art in Providence, RI, USA. Version 1.0 was released in January 1993. Version 2.1 introduced PowerPC acceleration in 1994. CoSA along with After Effects was then acquired by Aldus corporation in July 1993; this company was then acquired by Adobe in 1994, and with it PageMaker and After Effects. Adobe's first new release of After Effects was version 3.0.

Developer Date Icon Version Codename Major features added
CoSA January 1993 After effects 1.0 icon 1.0 Egg Layered compositing with mask, effect, transforms, keyframes; Mac only
May 1993 1.1 More effects
Aldus January 1994 2.0 Teriyaki Time Layout window, image sequence support, motion blur, multi-machine rendering, frame blending, proxies
May 1994 2.0.1 Power Macintosh version (PPC)[1]
Adobe October 1995 After effects 3.0 icon 3.0 Nimchow Render queue, bezier masking, time remapping, keyframe assistants (wiggler, motion sketch, smoother), multiple effects per layer, advanced keying, velocity graph, 1/2/4 point motion tracking, motion math, first Japanese version, layer transfer modes, continuously rasterize Illustrator files, Photoshop as comp import with layer/transfer mode/alpha channel support, 3:2 pulldown, non-square pixel support
April 1996 3.1 File formats, multiprocessing; last Mac 680x0 version
May 1997 3.1 (Windows 95/NT) Dancing Monkey First Windows version, contextual menus, first French and German versions; in November 1997, Path Text effect and Animated GIF output were released for free to registered users of 3.1[2]
January 1999 After effects 4.0 icon 4.0 ebeer Tabbed windows, movable time layout columns, multiple masks per layer, warping effects, particle playground, audio effects, transform effect, adjustment layers, align palette, rulers and guides, RAM preview, glows/blurs no longer clip at layer edge, Premiere import, Illustrator layers support, label colors in timeline; first simultaneous Mac and Windows release
September 1999 After effects 4.1 icon 4.1 Batnip Flowchart view, watch folder, 3D channel effects, collect files command, auto deinterlacing, sequence layers, save favorite effects (.ffx), separate text fill/stroke, 30,000×30,000 image support
April 2001[3] After effects 2001-2003 icon 5.0 Melmet 3D layers, 3D lights, dynamic previews, parenting, vector paint, expressions, pick whip, draw/edit masks in comp window, integration of Atomic Power plug-ins (foam, wave world, card dance, shatter, vegas), 16 bits per channel color, Illustrator transparency support, SWF export, mask colors, mask motion blur, mask expansion, RAM Preview region of interest, Photoshop 6 vector mask import, PDF import, solo switch, scrubbable property values, custom workspaces, effect reordering, PAR correction, reveal file on disk, reduce project, trim comp to work area, >2GB movie output
January 7, 2002[4] 5.5 Fauxfu Advanced 3D renderer, multiple 3D views, import camera data, colored shadows, projection layers, effects palette, post render actions, advanced lightning, adjustment layer lights, smart mask, looping via expressions, RealMedia output, expression controllers, Zaxwerks 3D Invigorator Classic bundled; first OS X version
August 2003 After effects 2003-2006 icon 6.0 Foodfite Paint, scripting, text layers and animators, editable Photoshop text layers, OpenGL support, new motion tracker, Rotobezier, Keylight, Liquify, Scribble, Dust & Scratches, background rendering of RAM Previews
June 16, 2004 6.5 Chambant Advanced clone tool, presets gallery, grain management, integration of Cycore Effects plug-ins, Color Finesse bundling, disk caching, Firewire video output, interface light/dark controls, motion track with scale, Grain Surgery bundling, AAF and OMF support[5]
January 2006 After effects 2006 icon 7.0 Clamchop New unified window UI, timewarp, graph editor, OpenGL 2.0 support, 32 bpc HDR color, 32-bit audio, Adobe Bridge support, display color management, dynamic link with Premiere Pro, script editor, auto save, Photoshop file creation, smart blur, lens blur, per-character text blurring, first Spanish and Italian versions
July 2, 2007 After effects cs3 icon CS3 (8.0) Metaloaf Shape layers, puppet tool, brainstorm, clip notes, Photoshop vanishing point import, adaptive motion blur, per character 3D text animation, real-time audio playback, simultaneous multi-frame rendering, SWF vector import, 32-bit linear blending, full color management; first Universal Binary Intel Mac version
February 22, 2008 CS3 (8.0.2) Loafdot Panasonic P2 support; last Mac PowerPC version
September 23, 2008 After effects cs4 icon CS4 (9.0) Chinchillada QuickSearch in the project and timeline, mini-flowchart, breadcrumbs, live PSD 3D layer import, separate XYZ, Imagineer Mocha bundled, cartoon effect, XFL export, XML export, XMP metadata,
December 10, 2008 CS4 (9.0.1) Chinchidotta RED R3D file support (via REDCODE v1.3 plugin)
May 29, 2009 CS4 (9.0.2) Lottadotta Clip-level RED R3D support (via REDCODE v1.7 plugin), XDCAM HD (Avid-style MXF) support
October 6, 2010[6] CS4 (9.0.3) Yaddadotta Fixes "locking existing frames" message delay at start of RAM preview, decreased performance due to Wacom driver conflict, aerender not shutting down background processes, and miscellaneous crashes especially on Mac OS X 10.5 during drag-and-drop operations
April 30, 2010[7] After effects cs5 icon CS5 (10.0) Esgocart 64-bit native (mandatory) on OS X and Windows, Roto Brush tool, Refine Matte effect, mocha v2, LUT support, AVC-Intra import and improved RED (R3D) support, Align panel improvements, Synthetic Aperture Color Finesse 3, Digieffects FreeForm, auto-keyframe mode,[8] animated GIF export functionality removed.
September 3, 2010[9] CS5 (10.0.1) Esgodot RED updates (color science v2, ROCKET, RMD metadata), improved LUT compatibility (.3dl with floating-point values or 3DMESH/Mesh keywords, or saved from ASSIMILATE SCRATCH systems), updates to bundled third-party plug-ins
April 8, 2011[10] CS5 (10.0.2) Esgodoh Fixes an "Unexpected data type" error opening project with missing effects, a crash with Directional Blur and other effects on computers with 16 or more logical processors, and a crash opening a composition created by Automatic Duck Pro Import AE.
April 11, 2011[11] CS5.5 (10.5) Codname Warp Stabilizer effect, Camera Lens Blur and camera layer improvements for depth-of-field and bokeh, source timecode support and Timecode effect enhancements, stereoscopic 3D rig creation and improved 3D Glasses effect, light falloff, CinemaDNG import, expanded RED (R3D) features, XDCAM EX and XDCAM HD output, integration with Adobe Audition CS5.5, save project as CS5.
June 30, 2011[12] CS5.5 (10.5.1) Codot Fixes for delay when typing in a text layer if mouse pointer was above the Composition panel, and inability to use an upgrade serial number.
April 23, 2012[13] After effects cs6 icon CS6 (11.0) SpinalTapas Global Performance Cache, 3D Camera Tracker, ray-traced and extruded text and shapes, variable-width mask feather, Automatic Duck Pro Import for importing projects from other applications, including Final Cut Pro and Avid software, new and improved GPU acceleration features, Rolling Shutter Repair effect, Mocha for After Effects CS6, new and updated effects. Live PSD 3D layer import was removed.
May 25, 2012[14] CS6 (11.0.1) BigDottom Support for Nvidia GeForce GTX 680, AtomKraft.
October 12, 2012[15] CS6 (11.0.2) NoneMoreDot Support for more Nvidia cards and Intel HD Graphics, new memory handling preference allowing reversion to CS5.5 behavior.
June 17, 2013[16] After effects cc icon 2013 CC (12.0) Sconehenge Maxon Cinema 4D Lite and Cineware integration, Refine Edge tool, Refine Soft Matte, layer snapping, Warp Stabilizer VFX
October 31, 2013[17] CC (12.1) Plabt Blue Ribbon OS 10.9 and Retina support, mask tracker, Detail-preserving Upscale effect, property linking, improved snapping
December 13, 2013[18] CC (12.2) Pinot Butter Automatic creation of folders for image sequences, command to convert parametric shape layer paths to Bézier paths, more snapping improvements, many small "polish" improvements
June 18, 2014[19] CC 2014 (13.0) Goatmeal Stout[20] Key Cleaner effect and Advanced Spill Suppressor effect, After effect text templates created in After Effects editable in Premiere Pro, compositing options for each effect including ability to confine the area affected by each effect with masks, import of Sony RAW footage (raw files from F5, F55, and F65 cameras), import of MPEG-4 SStP (Simple Studio Profile) Sony SR MXF files, video preview on external monitor using Mercury Transmit
September 7, 2014[21] CC 2014.1 (13.1) Hefe Marathon High-DPI content and UI (Mac OS, Windows), refreshed "blue" UI, Copy With Relative Property Links command, color management for Dynamic Link, Maxon CINEMA 4D Lite R16 and CINEWARE 2.0, Collect Files for CINEMA 4D assets, native GoPro CineForm codecs, scripting improvements for text layers
December 16, 2014[22] CC 2014.2 (13.2) Finish Lime More scripting improvements for text layers, expression access to dynamic layer bounds, new keyframe icons.
June 15, 2015[23] CC 2015.0 ( Mussel Car Uninterrupted playback, new Adobe Character Animator (Preview 1), support for Creative Cloud libraries, face tracker, Maxon CINEWARE v2.0.16, smooth experience and interaction for the user even when rendering is in progress.
November 30, 2015[24] Adobe After Effects CC icon CC 2015.1 (13.6.0) Currant Time Character Animator (Preview 3), refinement of playback performance and interaction, multi-touch gestures, stacked panel groups, new Lumetri Color effect, additional ICC profiles, two new Cycore FX plugins.[25]
January 27, 2016[26] CC 2015.2 (13.7.0) Fibonachos Maxon CINEWARE v3.0 (R17) (including support for the Take system, OpenGL renderer, and syncing timelines between After Effects and Cinema 4D), option to auto-save when starting Render Queue, improvements to Cache Before Playback previews.
June 21, 2016[27] CC 2015.3 (13.8.0) Abbacore New playback architecture, Maxon Cineware 3.1, export 3D text and shape layers to Maxon CINEMA 4D, GPU accelerated effects (Lumetri Color, Gaussian Blur, and Sharpen), improved caching and playback of image sequences, send compositions from Render Queue to Media Encoder, Character Animator (Preview 4)
November 2, 2016[28] CC 2017 (14.0) Codfather CINEMA 4D rendering engine for 3D compositions, Creative Cloud Team Projects (Beta), Real-time playback of unaltered source media, more GPU accelerated effects, Live Text Template improvements, Date & Time Tokens, Also includes: Better UI retina support, improved markers, scripting enhancements, Adobe Media Encoder export improvements.
January 18, 2017[29] CC 2017.1 (14.1) The Codfather Part Tuna Ability to save Team Projects as local projects.
April 19, 2017[30] CC 2017.2 (14.2) Plabtjacks Essential Graphics panel and Motion Graphics Templates feature introduced, Lumetri Scopes, Effect Input Layer Options, Camera-shake deblur, multiple GPU optimizations.[31]
June 13, 2017[32] CC 2017.2 (14.2.1) Blueberry Plabtjacks Performance improvements and bug fixes.
October 18, 2017[33] CC (15.0) Darth Tater Data-driven animation and JSON import, expression access to path points, immersive/360 VR tools (formerly Mettle Skybox), GPU accelerated motion blur, new font menu, font ligature support, keyboard shortcut editor, Maxon CINEMA 4D Lite R19.
January 22, 2018[34] CC (15.0.1) Tater Dots ARRI ALEXA Mini MXF/ARRIRAW format support, HEVC (H.265) QuickTime support, variable frame rate footage audio sync improvements, GPU memory optimization for VR, and bug fixes.
April 3, 2018[35] CC (15.1) Annivercelery Master Properties for nested compositions, Advanced Puppet Engine, Data-driven animation .CSV and .TSV support, Property Link pick whip, Adobe Immersive Environment (VR head-mount display support), new Video Limiter effect, improved video camera raw format support (RED IPP2, Canon Cinema RAW Light, Sony Venice X-OCN).
April 24, 2018[36] CC (15.1.1) Marching Ants on a Log Bug fixes.
July 16, 2018[37] CC (15.1.2) Peanut Dotter Improved raw video format support and bug fixes.
October 15, 2018[38] CC (16.0) Double Expresso Puppet Tool Advanced Pins and Bend Pins; depth passes for 3D compositions; Adobe Animate CC project (.FLA) import; new JavaScript expressions engine; Responsive Design – Time; CSV and TSV spreadsheet controls, font controls, and groups in Motion Graphics templates; Lumetri Color selective color grading curves; new Mocha AE CC plug-in; hardware-accelerated decoding of H.264 and HEVC on macOS; additional GPU-accelerated effects.
December 10, 2018[39] CC (16.0.1) Macchidotto Export Apple ProRes on Windows, import HEIF files, import ProRes HDR footage, and bug fixes.
April 2, 2019[40] 16.1 Cloak-o-nut Content-Aware Fill for video, customizable Expressions Editor, import/export guide lines, automatic Adobe Font sync, and bug fixes.
January 24, 2020[41][42] 17.0 KoalaTea Preview and playback performance improvements, enhanced EXR Workflows, faster shapes, graphics and text enhancements, expression improvements, expanded format and better playback support, new Cineware renderer and Cinema 4D Lite R21, content-Aware Fill for video improvements.
May 19, 2020[43][44] After effects 2020 icon 17.1 Hummingbread Tapered shape strokes, Concentric shape repeater, ProRes RAW import support, Minimax effect GPU acceleration, Set Channels effect 32-bpc color support, Team Projects copy media to shared location, Automatically update audio devices (macOS only).
October 20, 2020[45][46] 17.5 Quarantuna Roto Brush 2, 3D design space with improved cameras and 3D transform gizmos.
January 11, 2021[47] 17.6 More accurate Content-aware fill, color space and gamma changes for RED footage.
February 8, 2021 17.7 Bug fixes.
March 10, 2021[48] 18.0 Media Replacement in Motion Graphics templates and Essential Properties, Real-Time 3D Draft Preview, 3D Ground Plane, Improved Composition Toolbar, Team Projects performance improvements[49]
April 12, 2021 18.1 Bug fixes.
May 11, 2021 18.2 Bug fixes.
June 20, 2021 18.4 Bug fixes.
October 26, 2021[50] 22.0 Cores on the Cob Multi-Frame Rendering for previews, render queue export, and Adobe Media Encoder export; Render Queue UI improvements; Render Queue notifications; Composition Profiler; Speculative Preview; hardware-accelerated decoding for 10-bit 422 HEVC; tetrahedral LUT interpolation; version number unified with Premiere Pro and Adobe Media Encoder.[51]
December 14, 2021[52] 22.1.1 Universal text engine, Cinema 4D R25 support.
February 8, 2022 22.2 Bug fixes.
April 12, 2022[53] 22.3 Native Apple silicon support,[54] integration, Scene Edit Detection, 3D Extended Viewer, Binning indicators for 3D layers, coach marks, constrained shapes by Shift + double-clicking.
May 10, 2022[53] 22.4 Separated dimensions preference, IME text input for Japanese, Korean, and Chinese.
June 21, 2022[53] 22.5 Bug fixes.
August 23, 2022[53] 22.6 Keyframe color labels.
October 18, 2022[55] 23.0 Track Latte Selectable track matte layers; native H.264 encoding; updated composition presets; 50+ new animation presets; new keyboard shortcuts for timeline navigation (Shift + J/K); installation of Maxon Cinema 4D is now optional.[56]
December 6, 2022[57] 23.1 Bug fixes and support for Maxon Cinema 4D 2023.[58]
February 7, 2023[59] 23.2 OpenColorlO and ACES color management.[59]
March 29, 2023[60] 23.3 Bug fixes.[61]
May 9, 2023[62] 23.4 Properties Panel, Effect Manager, Startup & Repair in Preferences, Improved file sorting in the Project panel, 3D Gizmo position snapping, Revamped Track Matte pick whip icon.[62]
August 9, 2023[63] 23.5 Bug fixes.[63]
August 8, 2023[64] 23.6 Essential Properties in the Properties panel.[64]


After Effects has extensive plug-in support; and a broad range of third party plug-ins are available. A variety of plug-in styles exist, such as particle systems for realistic effects for rain, snow, fire, etc.

Using third-party plug-ins, After Effects can create 3D effects. These sorts of 3D plug-ins use basic 2D layers from After Effects. Illustrator graphics can also be loaded and rendered in 3D using plug-ins such as Zaxwerks 3D Invigorator Pro. Some well-known plug-in vendors are Automatic Duck, BorisFX, Conoa, Cycore Effects, DigiEffects, Digital Anarchy, Digital Film Tools, The Foundry, FXhome, Gen Arts, GridIron Software, RE:Vision Effects, Red Giant Software, Synthetic Aperture, Trapcode and Zaxwerks.

In addition to 3D effects, there are plug-ins for making video look like film or cartoons; simulating fire, smoke, or water; particle systems; slow motion; creating animated charts, graphs, and other data visualization; calculating the 3D movement of a camera in a 2D video shot; eliminating flicker, noise, or rigging lines; translating timelines from FCP or Avid; adding high-end color correction; and other workflow improvements and visual effects.

See also[]

Competitors to After Effects include Autodesk's Combustion, Flame and Inferno; Apple's Shake and Motion; eyeon Fusion; The Foundry's Nuke; Boris RED; Pinnacle Commotion; and the entry-level FXHome.

External links[]


Adobe After Effects
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