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Adobe InDesign CC icon

Icon of Adobe InDesign CC.

Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) software application produced by Adobe Systems.


InDesign is the direct competitor to QuarkXPress. In 2002, it was the first Mac OS X-native desktop publishing (DTP) software. Moreover, InDesign CS and InDesign CS2 were bundled with Photoshop, Illustrator, and Acrobat in the Creative Suite. InDesign exports documents in Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF), has multilingual support. It was the first DTP application to support Unicode for text processing, advanced typography with OpenType fonts, advanced transparency features, layout styles, optical margin alignment, and cross-platform scripting using JavaScript.

InDesign is the successor alternative to Adobe's own PageMaker. Designers are the principal users in creating and laying out periodical publications, posters, and print media; nevertheless, longer documents still are designed with FrameMaker (manuals, technical documents, etc.), or with QuarkXPress (books, catalogs, etc.). Using a relational database, InDesign and Adobe InCopy word processor use the same formatting engine as InDesign.

Later versions of the software introduced new file formats. To support the new features (especially typographic) introduced with InDesign CS, both the program and its document format are not retro-compatible, but the InDesign CS2 has the retro-compatible .inx format, an XML-based document representation. InDesign CS versions updated with the 3.01 April 2005 update (free from the Adobe website) can read InDesign CS2-saved files exported to the .inx format. The InDesign Interchange format does not support versions earlier than InDesign CS.

Adobe developed InDesign CS3 (and Creative Suite 3) as a universal binary software compatible with native Intel and PowerPC Mac for 2007. The CS2 Mac version has code tightly integrated to the PPC architecture, and not natively compatible with the Intel processors in Apple's new machines. Porting the products to another platform was an endeavour. Adobe developed the CS3 application integrating Macromedia products (2005), rather than recompiling CS2 and simultaneously developing CS3. Inconveniencing Intel-Mac early-adopters, Adobe CEO Bruce Chizen announced that "Adobe will be first with a complete line of universal applications."[citation needed]

InDesign and Leopard[]

Currently InDesign up to 5.0.2 does not seem to work correctly on Leopard (Mac OS X 10.5), as Adobe states: "InDesign CS3 may unexpectedly quit when using the Place, Save, Save As or Export commands using either the OS or Adobe dialog boxes. Unfortunately, there are no workarounds for these known issues." Many users around the world have not found any issues with this software. [1]

Server Version[]

The server icon, negative to the original iconIn October 2005, Adobe released "InDesign Server CS2", a modified version of InDesign (without user interface) for Windows and Macintosh server platforms. It does not provide any editing client; rather it is for use by developers in creating client-server solutions with the InDesign plug-in technology.[2] In March 2007 Adobe officially announced Adobe InDesign CS3 Server as part of the Adobe InDesign family.

Version History[]

Version Release date Icon Description
InDesign 1.0 31 August 1999 InDesign 1.0 logo (codenamed Shuksan, then K2)

Subrelease: InDesign 1.0J (codenamed Hotaka): Japanese support.

InDesign 1.5 April 2001 InDesign 1.5 icon (codenamed Sherpa).
InDesign 2.0 January 2002 Adobe-InDesign-Logo-2002-2003 (codenamed Annapurna): Release just days before QuarkXPress 5. First version to support Mac OS X, native transparency and drop shadows.
InDesign CS (3.0) October 2003 Adobe-InDesign-CS-Icon-2003 (codenamed Dragontail) and InDesign CS Page Maker Edition (3.0).
InDesign CS2 (4.0) May 2005 Adobe-InDesign-CS2-Icon-2005 (codenamed Firedrake)

Subrelease InDesign Server (codenamed Bishop) launched in October 2005.

InDesign CS3 (5.0) April 2007 Adobe InDesign CS3 icon (codenamed Cobalt): First version to support Intel-based Macs, regular expression and table styles.

Server version: InDesign CS3 Server (codenamed Xenon) launched May 2007.

Serious compatibility issues with Leopard (Mac OS X 10.5), as Adobe stated: "InDesign CS3 may unexpectedly quit when using the Place, Save, Save As or Export commands using either the OS or Adobe dialog boxes. Unfortunately, there are no workarounds for these known issues." Apple fixed this with their OS X 10.5.4 update.

InDesign CS4 (6.0) October 2008 Adobe InDesign CS4 icon (codenamed Basil).

Server version: InDesign CS4 Server (codenamed Thyme).

InDesign CS5 (7.0) April 2010 Adobe InDesign CS5 Icon (codenamed Rocket).
InDesign CS6 (8.0) 23 April 2012 Adobe Indesign CS6 Icon (codenamed Athos) (last 32-bit version, last perpetually licensed version). Alternate layouts, Liquid layouts, Linked content functionality, EPUB and HTML enhancements, Extension Manager support, Productivity enhancements (Split window, Recently used fonts, Align to key object, Save backward to earlier versions, Export and proof grayscale PDFs, Export to PNG).
InDesign CC (9.0) 15 June 2013 Adobe InDesign CC icon 2013-2020 (codenamed Citius). Sync settings using Adobe Creative Cloud, Adobe Exchange integration, Font menu enhancements, EPUB enhancements, UI dark theme, HiDPI support, 64-bit support on Mac and Windows, QR code generator.
InDesign CC (9.2) January 2014 Typekit Desktop Fonts integration, simplified hyperlinks management, EPUB enhancements.
InDesign CC 2014 (10) 18 June 2014 (codenamed Sirius). In application - What's New dialog, EPUB enhancements, Improvements to Tables (drag-and-drop rows and columns), color groups, Enhanced search - Find Previous, Behance integration, Improved Packaging (ability to include a PDF and IDML file in any package), Enhanced data merge for QR code, Footnote enhancements (textwrap support), Scalable effects.
InDesign CC 2014.1 (10.1) 6 October 2014
InDesign CC 2014.2 (10.2) 11 February 2015
InDesign CC 2015 (11.0) 15 June 2015 Adobe Indesign CC icon 2015 Mercury Performance Improvements, Paragraph shading, Images in Table Cells, Publish Online (Technology Preview), Adobe Stock integration.
InDesign CC 2015.1 (11.1) 11 August 2015 Publish Online features: Multiple page spread, publish documents with multiple page sizes, text hyperlinks support, default image resolution changed to 96 PPI in published output, improved mobile experience.
InDesign CC 2015.2 (11.2) 30 November 2015
InDesign CC 2015.4 (11.4) 20 June 2016
InDesign CC 2017 (12.0) 2 November 2016 Footnotes that span columns, OpenType enhancements (In-context menu for text frame selection, in-context support for Ordinals and Ligatures, name display for stylistic sets), faster Hyperlinks panel, stroke arrowhead scaling, UI enhancements, In-app search of Adobe Stock assets.
InDesign CC 2017.1 (12.1) 14 April 2017
InDesign CC 2018 (13.0) 18 October 2017 Font search filtering, PDF export tagging support, HTML export improvements (removes class and id attributes as well as redundant div tags during export), adds option to remove forced line break while generating a Table of Contents, add or move gradient swatches in a color group.
InDesign CC 2018.1 (13.1) March 2018 Space between paragraph styles, merge paragraph borders, richer analytics for Publish Online documents, use Photoshop and Illustrator shortcuts, export document as separate PDF pages, new mobile presets.
InDesign CC 2018.2 (13.2) March 2018
InDesign CC 2019 (14.0) October 2018 Layout adjustments, import PDF comments, properties panel, visual font browsing, openType SVG fonts support, add footnotes in tables.
InDesign CC 2020 (15.0) November 2019 SVG support, variable fonts, and faster launch times.
InDesign CC 2020 (15.1) June 2020 Adobe InDesign CC icon 2020 (15.1 and 15.1.1 a few days later): Introduces “Share for Review” feature enabling nonusers to add comments in a way similar to a PDF, Auto-Activate Adobe Fonts, Place video from a URL, Copy Editor (Beta), Review panel enhancement and bug fixes.
InDesign CC 2020 (16.0) October 2020 Seamless content reviews with text annotations, Document color location, Intelligent subject detection and text wrap, HSB values without RGB translation, Damaged document detection and recovery, navigation points in Media panel.
InDesign 2021 (16.1) January 2021
InDesign 2021 (16.2) 19 April 2021
InDesign 2021 (16.4) 18 August 2021 Final version with built-in support for all Pantone color books including Neons, Pastels and Premium Metallics. Versions 17-17.3 only include CMYK, Solid, and basic Metallic books.
InDesign 2022 (17.0) October 2021 Master Pages are now called Parent Pages, Adobe Capture integration, scalable UI.
InDesign 2022 (17.1) January 2022
InDesign 2022 (17.2) April 2022
InDesign 2022 (17.3) May 2022 Last version with built-in support for Pantone colors.
InDesign 2022 (17.4) August 2022 First version without built-in support for Pantone colors. All Pantone colors have been removed as of August 16, 2022. Separate paid subscription now required to access Pantone Connect extension and download color "fandecks".
InDesign 2023 (18.0) October 2022 Content aware Auto Style (technology preview), Copy text between Illustrator and InDesign without format loss, support for HEIC, HEIF, WEBP, and JP2K formats. Duplicate page after selection, UXP Scripting, Document preview.
InDesign 2023 (18.1) December 2022
InDesign 2023 (18.2) February 2023
InDesign 2024 (19.0.1) November 2023

Internationalization and localization[]

Language Availability[]

Adobe InDesign CS3 is available in the following languages: Arabic (Middle Eastern version), Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, French (Canadian), German, Greek, Hebrew (Middle Eastern version), Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin American), Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian.

Adobe InDesign Middle Eastern language versions available from WinSoft.[3].

Specific Features for Arabic and Hebrew languages[]

The Middle Eastern/Hebrew and the Middle Eastern/Arabic versions are specifically developed for Arabic and Hebrew languages.

Text Settings[]

InDesign Middle Eastern versions come with special settings for laying out Arabic or Hebrew text, such as:

Possibility to use Arabic, Farsi or Hindi digits Use kashidas for letter spacing and full justification Ligature option Set vowels /diacritics positioning Justify text in three possible ways to get the results you want (Standard, Arabic, Naskh) Option to "Insert Special Character": three Hebrew characters (Geresh, Gershayim, Magaf) and an Arabic one (Kashida) Apply standard, Arabic or Hebrew styles for page, paragraph and footnote numbering

Bi-directional Text flow[]

In InDesign Middle Eastern versions, the notion of right-to-left behaviour applies to several objects: Story, Paragraph, Character and Table. You can easily mix Right-to-Left and Left-to-Right Words, Paragraphs and Stories in a document.

InDesign CS3 Middle Eastern versions allow you to change in one click the direction of neutral characters (for ex.: ,/?, etc.) according to your keyboard language. InDesign CS3 Middle Eastern versions allow you to change the direction of the cursor

Dictionary and Hyphenation Module[]

InDesign Middle Eastern versions come with a comprehensive dictionary for Arabic allowing you to spell check Arabic text with a choice of rules, like Strict Aleef Hamza, Strict Final Yaa, both or none. Depending on your system capabilities, InDesign Middle Eastern versions come with a Dictionary and Hyphenation Module for Hebrew.

Enhanced Font Support[]

InDesign Middle Eastern versions support most fonts shipped with the OS as well as a large number of third party fonts widely used by graphic designers in the Middle Eastern regions.

Find / Change[]

You can search for and change specific occurrences of Middle Eastern characters, words, groups of words, or text formatted a certain way across a selection, one or more stories, a document, or multiple open documents. You can also search for other items, including OpenType attributes such as fractions and swashes.

Table of contents[]

You can create a table of contents (TOC) for any document or book in InDesign Middle Eastern versions. InDesign Middle Eastern versions come with a set of Table of contents titles, one for each supported language. The TOC is also sorted according to the chosen language. InDesign CS3 Middle Eastern versions allow you to choose the language of your index title and cross-references by right clicking in the title field in the Generate Index window.


You can create a simple keyword index or a comprehensive, detailed guide to the information in your book. InDesign Middle Eastern versions let you set various Sort Options for your indexes according to the language you are dealing with.

Importing and Exporting[]

InDesign Middle Eastern versions bring the capability of opening directly and converting QuarkXPress files, even using Arabic XT, Arabic Phonyx or Hebrew QXPressWay fonts, retaining the layout and content. InDesign Middle Eastern versions come with more than 50 import/export filters enabling you to place many kinds of images and Roman texts: Microsoft Word 97-98-2000 Import filter and Text Import filter.

Reverse Layout[]

InDesign Middle Eastern versions include a reverse layout feature to revert the layout of a document, when converting a Left to Right document (Roman) to a Right to Left one (Arabic or Hebrew) or vice versa. It is also helpful when creating multilingual document.

The Middle Eastern versions are also available for Adobe Acrobat [4], Adobe Illustrator [5], Adobe Photoshop [6], Adobe InCopy [7] and Adobe Dreamweaver [8], for Adobe Creative Suite [9] (Design Standard, Design Premium, Web Premium).

External links[]

Adobe InDesign
1 · 2 · CS (PageMaker Edition) · CS2 · CS3 · CS4 · CS5 (CS5.5) · CS6 · CC
InDesign Server: CS2 · CS3 · CS4 · CS5 (CS5.5) · CS6 · CC
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