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Adobe PhoneGap is a mobile application development framework originally created by Nitobi Software, which was acquired by Adobe Systems in 2011. The open source version is known as Apache Cordova.


PhoneGap was first developed at an iPhoneDevCamp event in San Francisco and went on to win the People's Choice Award at O'Reilly Media's 2009 Web 2.0 Conference,[1][2] Apple approved the framework for iOS development, even with the change to clause 3.3.1 of the Apple iPhone SDK developer license agreement 4.0 in 2010.[3] The PhoneGap framework is used by several mobile application platforms such as Monaca,[4] appMobi,[5] Convertigo,[6][7] ViziApps,[8] and Worklight as the backbone of their mobile client development engines.[9][10]

Apache Cordova logo

Adobe officially announced the acquisition of developer Nitobi Software on October 3, 2011,[11] which was completed by October 25.[12] Adobe and Nitobi then donated the PhoneGap codebase to the Apache Software Foundation to incubate an open source project called Apache Callback.[13] Because "Callback" was perceived as too generic,[14] the project was renamed to Apache Cordova after Cordova Street, the location of Nitobi's office in Vancouver.[13][15] Adobe immediately integrated PhoneGap support into Dreamweaver CS5.5 and began commercializing its own version of the tools as Adobe PhoneGap and Adobe PhoneGap Build on October 25, 2011.[12]

Early versions of PhoneGap required an Apple Macintosh computer to create iOS apps and a Windows computer to create Windows Mobile apps. After September 2012, Adobe's PhoneGap Build service allows programmers to upload CSS, HTML, and JavaScript source code to a "cloud compiler" that generates apps for every supported platform.[16]

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  1. Darryl K. Taft (2009-03-13). PhoneGap Simplifies iPhone, Android, BlackBerry Development. Retrieved on 2013-10-09.
  2. Davis, Lidija (2009-04-02). PhoneGap: People's Choice Winner at Web 2.0 Expo Launch Pad. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  3. PhoneGap and the Apple developer license agreement. « PhoneGap. (2010-04-14). Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  4. Develop Awesome PhoneGap Apps with Awesome Tools. Retrieved on 2014-06-10.
  5. Create Mobile and Web Apps with HTML5 and JavaScript |. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  6. Open Source Mobile Enablement and Enterprise Mashups. Convertigo. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  7. Convertigo Mobilizer Uses PhoneGap Build APIs « PhoneGap. (2011-07-07). Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  8. Create Mobile and Web Apps with HTML5 and JavaScript. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  9. Mobile Application Platform and Tools. Worklight (2012-01-16). Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  10. How PhoneGap plays an important part in our Enterprise offering PhoneGap. (2011-06-27). Archived from the original on 2012-04-15. Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  11. Adobe buys PhoneGap, TypeKit for better Web tools by Stephen Shankland, CNET News. 2011-10-03. Accessed 2012-04-07.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Adobe + Nitobi: What Happens Next by Kenneth Berger, Adobe Conversations. 2011-10-26.
  13. 13.0 13.1 PhoneGap, Cordova, and what’s in a name? by PhoneGap Team, PhoneGap Blog, Medium. 2012-03-18. Accessed 2019-11-10.
  14. finding a new name that isn't PhoneGap - Brian LeRoux - org.apache.incubator.callback-dev. MarkMail (2011-10-28). Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  15. Nitobi in Vancouver, BC.
  16. Klint Finley. "Adobe Launches Hosted PhoneGap Build Service For Creating Cross-Platform Mobile Apps". 2012.

External link[]

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